Hormazabal, E, Villegas, F, Rovira, F & Carranza-Torres, C 2010, 'Geomechanical evaluation of macro-block caving options using 3D numerical modelling at Chuquicamata underground project in Chile', in Y Potvin (ed.), Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Block and Sublevel Caving
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 469-482.
The Chuquicamata underground project in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile is one of the largest planned mining projects in the world to use the block caving method with macro-blocks options, to mine copper ore. VCP-Codelco (Vice-President Office of the National Copper Corporation of Chile) is currently completing a prefeasibility engineering study of this project, which considers the construction and operation of at least two macro-block mining units to be managed independently from each other. A geomechanical study has been carried out to analyse various options regarding to pillar sizes and mining sequences for the macro-blocks caving configurations considered for the project. As part of this study, complex 3D continuum models have been developed to assess the effects of the above options on the mechanical response of the underground openings, with emphasis in stress concentration in certain critical areas of the excavations such as macro-blocks pillars and rib-pillars. Relevant geological features such as major faults and lithological units were also considered in the models. This paper describes the main aspects of the Chuquicamata underground project by focusing on the 3D numerical models that were performed to evaluate the macro-block extraction options for this block cave.
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