Guo, L, Yang, X & Xie, L 2010, 'An experimental study on the mechanical properties of cemented rock – tailings fill', in R Jewell & AB Fourie (eds), Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 469-477.
This paper outlines an effective approach to making composite backfill using mine waste material.
Composite materials are widely used in many areas of engineering because of their unique structural
properties. Cemented rock–tailings are one of the most prevalent materials used for composite backfill
because they can effectively make use of mine waste rock and mill tailings that would otherwise be simply
considered waste. This backfill method has the capability of maintaining the mine environment while still
allowing for continued mine development.
An experimental study is being conducted in a cooperative mine research project to investigate the
properties of backfill material and specifically the mechanical characteristics of cemented waste rock–
tailings fill. This study details the characteristics of the composite backfill aggregate with respect to the
compressive strength of the cemented rock–tailings fill and the backfill mix-proportion, as well as outlines a
new method of study for cemented rock–tailings fill mechanics. The study results show the compressive
strength of cemented rock–tailings fill is dependent mainly on the cement and waste rock content. Ensuring a
precise backfill mix proportion can effectively reduce the cement dosage, thereby decreasing the backfill cost
realised for the mine.
Annor, A. (1999) A Study of Characteristics and Behaviour of Composite Backfill Material, McGill University,
Hassani, F. and Razavi, S.M. (2007) A study of physical and mechanical behaviour of gelfill, CIM Bulletin 2(5),
Kuganathan, K. (2005) Rock Fill in Mine Fill, Handbook on Mine Fill, Y. Potvin and A.B. Fourie (eds), Australian
Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, Australia, 101 p.
An experimental study on the mechanical properties of cemented rock–tailings fill L. Guo et al.
478 Paste 2010, Toronto, Canada