Authors: Nurtjahya, E; Robika, R; Dorly, D


Cite As:
Nurtjahya, E, Robika, R & Dorly, D 2011, 'Can anatomical and physiological characters predict plant adaptation on tin-mined land in Bangka Island?', in AB Fourie, M Tibbett & A Beersing (eds), Mine Closure 2011: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 75-83,

Download citation as:   ris   bibtex   endnote   text   Zotero

In the last decade, a handful of local tree species were planted on the tin-mined land in Bangka Island to support biodiversity and to meet the economical need of the local people in post tin-mining era. Exotic species have been used predominantly since revegetation was mandatory in Bangka Belitung islands in 1992. Some leaf anatomical and root physiological characters of five year saplings of ubak (Syzygium grande), penaga (Calophyllum inophyllum), and leban planted in unmined land and tin-mined land were studied to enrich local tree selection. Stomatal density, epidermal cells thickness, cuticle thickness, palisade and spongy mesophyll thickness, root conductivity and root conductivity ratio, chlorophyll and nitrogen contents, and plant height, stem diameter and canopy area of those species were measured. Based on the anatomical and physiological measurements, the best adapted species was V. pinnata, followed by C. inophyllum and then S. grande. Morphological measurements, however, show that the best performance was S. grande, C. inophyllum and V. pinnata. Further study is required to validate this result by assessing the transpiration rate of those species that are grown on mined and unmined lands and by measuring the free proline concentration.

ASTIRA (2005) Asosiasi Tambang Timah Rakyat. Tambang Rakyat Potensi Terabaikan. Makalah seminar penambangan timah di Pangkalpinang.
Banon, S., Fernandez, J.A., Franco, J.A., Torrecillas, A., Alarcon, J.J. and Sanchez-Blanco, M.J. (2004) Effects of Water Stress and Night Temperature Preconditioning on Water Relations and Morphological and Anatomical changes of Lotus creticus Plants, Scientia Horticulturae 101, pp. 333–342.
Ciha, A.J. and Brun, W.A. (1975) Stomatal Size and Frequency in Soybeans, Crop Science 15, pp. 309–313.
Dickison, W.O. (2000) Integrative Plant Anatomy, Tokyo, Academic Press.
Dobrenz, A.K., Wright, L.N., Humprey, A.B., Massergale, M.A. and Kneebone, W.R. (1969) Stomatal density and its relationship to water use efficiency of blue panigrass (Panicum antidotale Retz.), Crop Science 9, pp. 354–357.
Eshel, A., Shick, I. and Waisel, Y. (2000) The Efficiency of The Water Conducting System of Tomato Roots, A. Stokes (editor), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 371–375.
Fahn, A. (1992) Anatomi Tumbuhan Jilid 3, Yogyakarta, Gadjah Mada University Press, 943 p.
Fitter, A.H. and Hay, R.K.M. (1991) Fisiologi Lingkungan Tanaman,Yogyakarta, Gajah Mada University Press. Terjemahan dari: Environmental Physiology of Plants, 421 p.
Goldsworthy, P.R. and Fisher, N.M. (1984) Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya Tropik, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Heckenberger, U., Roggatz, U. and Schurr, U. (1998) Effect of Drought Stress on The Cytological Status in Ricinus communis, Journal of Experimental Botany 49(319), pp. 181–189.
Imaningsih, W. (2006) Studi Banding Sifat Ketahanan Struktural Terhadap Kekeringan antara Varietas Padi Sawah dan Padi Gogo Berdasarkan Struktur Anatomi Daun, Bioscientiae 3, pp. 47–58.
Johansen, D.A. (1940) Plant Microtechnique, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc.
Juairiah, L., Nurtjahya, E., Prawitasari, T. and Dorly (2005) Konduktivitas Xilem Akar dan Batang Tumbuhan Pionir di Lahan Pasca Penambangan Timah di Desa Sempan, Bangka, Proceeding of Seminar MIPA Nasional 2005, November 2005, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 4 p.
Khemnark, C. and Sahunalu, P. (1988) Revegetation trials for tin mine tailings reclamation in Thailand, Proceedings of Regional Workshop on Ecodevelopment Process for Degraded Land Resources in Southeast Asia,
S. Adisoemarto (ed), August 1988, Bogor.
Lamb, D. and Tomlinson, M. (1994) Forest rehabilitation in the Asia-Pasific region: past lessons and present uncertainties, Journal of Tropical Forest Science 7, pp. 157–170.
Latifah, S. (2000) Keragaan pertumbuhan Acacia mangium Willd. pada lahan bekas tambang timah (studi kasus di areal kerja PT Timah Tbk.) (tesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor).
Metro Bangka Belitung (2008) Edisi Khusus Bangka Goes Green, Bangka Goes Green, Pangkalpinang, Edisi Khusus.
Mitchell, B.A. (1959) The ecology of tin mine spoil heaps. Part I sand and gravel tailings, Malayan Forestry 22,
pp. 111–132.
Nurtjahya, E. (2008) Revegetasi Lahan Pasca Tambang Timah dengan Beragam Jenis Pohon Lokal di Pulau Bangka, Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. PhD thesis (unpublished).
Nurtjahya, E., Agustina, F. and Putri, W.A.E. (2008a) Neraca Ekologi Penambangan Timah Di Pulau Bangka - Studi kasus pengalihan fungsi lahan di ekosistem darat, Berkala Penelitian Hayati 14(1), pp. 29–38.
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono and Setiadi, Y. (2009) Succession on tin-mined land in Bangka Island, Blumea 54(1–3), pp. 131–138.
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono and Setiadi, Y. (2008b) Establishment of four local tree species for potential revegetating of tin-mined land in Bangka Island, Indonesia, Proceedings Third International Seminar on Mine Closure (Mine Closure 2008), A.B. Fourie, M. Tibbett, I.M. Weiersbye and P. Dye (eds), 14–17 October 2008, Johannesburg, South Africa, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 751–758.
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono and Setiadi, Y. (2008c) Revegetation of tin-mined land using various local tree species in Bangka Island, Indonesia, Proceedings of the 2008 National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Richmond VA, New Opportunities to Apply Our Science, R.I. Barnhisel (ed), June 2008, ASMR, Lexington, pp. 739–755.
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono and Setiadi, Y. (2007) Populasi Collembola di Lahan Revegetasi Tailing Timah di Pulau Bangka, Biodiversitas 8(4), pp. 309–313.
Pangkalpinang Meteorology Station (2006) Data iklim Bangka 1996–2005, 10 p.
Poejiastuti, E. (1994) Studi Komparatif Anatomi Daun Beberapa Genotif Kedelai (Glycine max (L)) yang Peka dan Toleran terhadap Cekaman Kekeringan [skripsi], Bogor, Institut Pertanian Bogor, FMIPA.
Prsa, I., Stampar, F., Vodnik, D. And Veberic, R. (2007) Influence of Nitrogen on Leaf Chlorophyll Content and Photosynthesis of 'Golden Delicious' Apple, Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Plant Soil Science 57(3), pp. 283–289.
Roemantyo, Uji, T., Noerdjito, M. and Utaminingrum, H.I.P. (2004) Indonesia biodiversity information system (IBIS) case study: vegetation diversity of Bangka Island, Bangka-Biliton, Indonesia, Proceedings of International Symposium 2004 Asian Plant Diversity and Systematics, August 2004, Japan, 10 p.
Salisbury, F.B. and Ross, C.W. (1995) Fisiologi Tumbuhan, Penerbit ITB, Bandung, 343 p.
Sass, J.E. (1951) Botanical Microtechnique, Ames Lowa: The Lowa State College Press.
Setiawan, I.E. (2003) Evaluasi tingkat keberhasilan revegetasi pada lahan bekas tambang timah PT Koba Tin, Koba, Bangka Belitung. skripsi, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.
Shields, L.M. (1950) Leaf Xeromorphy as Related to Physiological and Structural Influences, Botany Review 16,
pp. 399–447.
Sims, D.A. and Gamon, J.A. (2002) Relationships between Leaf Pigment Content and Spectral Reflectance Across a Wide Range of Species, Leaf Structures and Developmental Stages, Remote Sensing of Environment, 81,
pp. 337–354.
Sukarman, Darwati, I. and Rusmin, D. (2000) Karakter Morfologi dan Fisiologi Tapak Dara (Vinca rosea L.) pada Beberapa Cekaman Air, Jurnal Littri 6(2), pp. 50–54.
Sutcliffe, J.F. (1979) Plants and Water 2nd edition, Edward Arnold, London.
Taiz, L. and Zeiger, E. (2002) Plant Physiology, California, The Benjamin/ Cummings Pub. Co. Inc., 559 p.
Willmer, C.M. (1983) Stomata. Longman Inc., New York, 166 p.

© Copyright 2024, Australian Centre for Geomechanics (ACG), The University of Western Australia. All rights reserved.
View copyright/legal information
Please direct any queries or error reports to