Shandro, JA, Ostry, A, Scoble, M & Van Zyl, D 2011, 'Reaching economic and social prosperity – a need to collaborate with communities through commodity cycles to post-closure', in AB Fourie, M Tibbett & A Beersing (eds), Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 167-176, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1152_85_Shandro
This paper begins by describing key case studies that illuminate how specific mining communities in British Columbia (BC) have fared over a variety of mine closure circumstances. Investigations that have identified parameters important in the characterisation of BC mining community health, well-being, and sustainability, and have provided evidence that collaborative mine closure planning is essential for BC mining communities to reach economic and social prosperity are also highlighted. This paper concludes by detailing formal and informal means that can establish collaborative planning with the objective of linking mining corporations with the future sustainable development of its “community” beyond the life of a mine.
Bains, M. (2011) Company investigates reopening of coal mine near Tumbler Ridge. Northeast News. Available online at:
Baker, D. (2002) Mining in Northern British Columbia. Western Geography, 12, pp. 1–22.
BC Geological Survey (1991) MINFILE Number: 093M001; Bell. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources.
BC Geological Survey (2009) MINFILE Number: 093L146; Granisle. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources.
BC Geological Survey (2010) MINFILE Number: 093P 001; Bullmoose. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources.
BC Geological Survey (2011) MINFILE Number 104B021; Granduc. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources.
BC Ministry of Community, Sport, and Cultural Development (2011a) Official Community Plans. Available online at:
BC Ministry of Community, Sport, and Cultural Development (2011b) Smart Planning for Communities Initiative. Available online at:
BC Statistics (2006) Census profile for Granisle. Available online at:
BC Statistics (2007) British Columbia Census Municipal Census Populations, 1921–2006. Available online at:
BC Statistics (2010a) 2006 Census profile for Tumbler Ridge, DM. Available online at:
BC Statistics (2010b) 2006 Census profile for Stewart. Available online at:
BC Statistics (2010c) 2006 Census profile for Kimberley. Available online at:
Canadian Institute for Health Information (2006) How Healthy are Rural Canadians? An Assessment of their Health Status and Health Determinants. Ottawa: Canadian Institute for Health Information.
District of Stewart (2011) History of Stewart, Available online at:
District of Tumbler Ridge (2005) Official Community Plan, Bylaw #498, 2005, May 2005, Available online at:
District of Tumbler Ridge (2008) Seniors and special needs strategic plan, November 2008, Available online at:
District of Tumbler Ridge (2009) Community Profile – An Introduction to Tumbler Ridge, Economic Development Office, July 2009.
Government of Canada (2004) CSR Case Study: Teck Cominco, Building a culture of responsibility. Available online at:
Grieve, D., Madu, B., Northcote, B., Wojdak, P., Fredericks, J., Merideth-Jones, S. and Desjardins, P. (2010) Operating mines and selected major exploration projects in British Columbia. British Columbia Government, Available online at:
Hanlon, N. and Halseth, G. (2005) The greying of resource communities in northern British Columbia: implications for health care delivery in already underserviced areas. The Canadian Geographer, 49(1), pp. 1–24.
ICMM (2009a) International Council on Mining and Metals. Planning for Integrated Mine Closure: Toolkit, p. 6. Available online at: www.icmm.com/document/310.
ICMM (2009b) International Council on Mining and Metals. Planning for Integrated Mine Closure: Toolkit, p. 8. Available online at: www.icmm.com/document/310.
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (2006) CCP Handbook: Comprehensive Community Planning for First Nations in BC. Available online at:
International Finance Corporation (2007) Stakeholder Engagement: A good practice handbook for companies doing business in emerging markets. Available online at:
MacKendrick, N. and Parkins, J.R. (2004) Indicators of Community Sustainability for the Morice and Lakes IFPA Region. Natural Resources Canada, Edmonton, AB.
McAllister, M.L., Scoble, M. and Veiga, M. (1999) Sustainability and the Canadian mining industry at home and abroad. CIM Bulletin, 92(1033), pp. 85–92.
Mining Association of Canada (2001) Sullivan Roundtable: The Role of Industry Associations, Speech by Gordon Peeling, President and Chief Executive Officer, Mining Association of Canada, November 6, 2001. Available online at:
Mining Association of Canada (2009) A report on the state of the Canadian mining industry: Facts & Figures 2009. Available online at:
Ministry of Energy, Mines, and Petroleum Resources (2007) Mining benefits everyone: Sustaining rural communities through jobs and economy. Available online at:
Natural Resources Canada (2010) Social and Community Issues Related to Mining. NRCAN, Ottawa, ON Available Online at:
Neil, C., Tykkylainen, T. and Bradbury, J. (1992) Coping with Closure: an international comparison of mine town experiences. Routledge, London.
Nelson, J., Scoble, M. and Ostry, A. (2010) Sustainable socio-economic development in mining communities: north-central British Columbia perspectives. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and the Environment, 24(2): pp. 163–179.
Omineca Beetle Action Coalition (2008) Community Social Services and Support Strategy. Available online at:
Ostry, A. (2009a) The mortality gap between urban and rural Canadians: a gendered analysis. Rural and Remote Health. 9: 1286 (Online). Available at:
Ostry, A. (2009b) The impact of the recession on the health of rural citizens in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Remote and Rural Health. 9:1265 (Online). Available at: www.rrh.org.au/publishedarticles/article_print_1265.pdf.
Ostry, A., Maggi, S., Hershler, R., Chen, L., Loule, A. and Hertzman, C. (2009). Differences in non-work injury and accidents among sawmill workers in rural compared to urban British Columbia, Canada. BMC Public Health. 9, 432 p.
Ostry, A., Shandro, J.A. and Davis, E.J. (2010) Forest Sector Restructuring and the Health, Social Fabric and Sustainability of Rural and Northern Communities in British Columbia, Accepted with revisions by Society and Natural Resources, March 22, 2010. Manuscript # USNR-2010-0053.
Parker (2002) The Sullivan Roundtable: Lessons in sustainability one year later. World Bank Workshop, May 2002.
Patriquin, M., Heckbert, S., Nickerson, C., Spense, M. and White, B. (2005) Regional economic implications of the mountain pine beetle infestation in the Northern Interior Forest Region of British Columbia. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service. Available online at:
Randall, J.E. and Ironside, R.G. (1996) Communities on the edge: An economic geography of resource-dependent communities in Canada. The Canadian Geographer, 40(1), pp. 17–35.
Shandro, J. (2011) The demographic, economic and health fabric of mining communities in British Columbia, Canada. PhD Dissertation for the degree in Mining Engineering, UBC. Available online at:
Shandro, J., Koehoorn, M. and Scoble, M. (2010) Bridging Mining Community Health and Sustainability. In Knowledge to Action: An end of grant knowledge translation case book, pp. 21–24. Canadian Institute of Health Research, Ottawa, ON.
Shandro, J., Koehoorn, M. Scoble, M. and Hurrel, C. (2009) Mining and Community Health: A British Columbia Based Research Project Summary Report. October, 2009. Available online at:
Shandro, J.A., Koehoorn, M., Scoble, M., Ostry, A., Veiga, M.M. and Gibson, N. (2011b). The well-being and sustainability of mining communities in British Columbia. Submitted to CIM Journal, 26 May 2011.
Shandro, J.A., Scoble, M., Ostry, A. and Koehoorn, M. (2011c) Health research studies in British Columbia mining communities. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sustainable Development in the Minerals Industry, pp. 429–443.
Shandro, J.A., Veiga, M.M., Shoveller, J., Scoble, M. and Koehoorn, M. (2011a) Perspectives on community health issues and the mining boom-bust cycle. Resources Policy,
Stewart and Hyder International Chamber of Commerce (2011) Community Services. Available online at:
Veiga, M., Scoble, M. and McAllister, M.L. (2001) Mining with communities. Natural Resources Forum, 25,
Village of Granisle (2010) Response to the BC Environmental Assessment Office Re: Pacific Booker Minerals Environmental Assessment Certificate review. Available online at: