Harris, JA 2012, 'Ecosystem concepts: can we use them to guide management decision-making in mine closure programmes?', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 23-32, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1208_03_Harris
The challenges and opportunities presented by large-scale extractive mining are diverse and complex. Except where hard infrastructure is to be put in place post-mining, a return to some degree of ecosystem function is a goal of reclamation and restoration programmes. There are well-established ecological concepts which may be employed to guide the way in which mine rehabilitation during closure may be carried out to provide effective and sustainable ecosystem function.
Selecting and achieving targets based on current ecological concepts will be explored including crossing biotic and abiotic thresholds, ecosystem structure and function, heterogeneity, ecosystem maturity, below-ground indicators, novel ecosystems, preparing for climate change and the challenge of invasives. This will be set in a societal context by exploring Natural Capital and Ecosystem Service thinking as a framework, illustrating how such approaches can be set in a wider landscape and socio-economic context.
Ehrenfeld, J.G. (1995) Microsite differences in surface substrate characteristics in Chamaecyparis swamps of the New Jersey pinelands, Wetlands, Vol. 15, pp. 183–189.
Ellis, E.C. and Ramnkutty, N. (2008) Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world, Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, Vol. 6, pp. 439–447.
Fourie, A.B. and Tibbett, M. (2007) Post-mining landforms – engineering a biological system, in Proceedings Second International Seminar on Mine Closure (Mine Closure 2007), A.B. Fourie, M. Tibbett and J.V. Wiertz (eds), 16‒19 October 2007, Santiago, Chile, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 3–13.
Galpern, P., Manseau, M. and Fall, A. (2011) Patch-based graphs of landscape connectivity: A guide to construction, analysis and application for conservation, Biological Conservation, Vol. 144, pp. 44–55.
Grayston, S.J., Campbell, C.D., Bardgett, R.D., Mawdsley, J.L., Clegg, C.D., Ritz, K., Griffiths, B.S., Rodwell, J.S., Edwards, S.J., Davies, W.J., Elston, D.J. and Millard, P. (2004) Assessing shifts in microbial community structure across a range of grasslands of differing management intensity using CLPP, PLFA and community DNA techniques, Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 25, pp. 63–84.
Grubb, P. (1977) The maintenance of species richness in plant communities: the importance of the regeneration niche, Botanical Reviews, Vol. 52, pp. 107–145.
Harris, J.A. (2009) Soil microbial communities and restoration ecology: facilitators or followers?, Science, Vol. 325, pp. 573–574.
Harris, J.A., Hobbs, R.J., Aronson, J. and Higgs, E. (2006) Ecological restoration and global climate change, Restoration Ecology, Vol. 14, pp. 170–176.
Hewitta, N., Klenk, N., Smith, A.L., Bazely, D.R., Yan, N., Wood, S., MacLellan, J.I., Lipsig-Mumme, C. and Henriques, I. (2011) Taking stock of the assisted migration debate. Biological Conservation 144, pp. 2560–2572.
Hobbs, R.J., Arico, S., Aronson, J., Brown, J.S., Bridgewater, P., Cramer V.A., Epstein, P.R., Ewel, J.J., Klink, C.A., Lugo, A.E., Norton, D., Ojima, D., Richardson, D.M., Sanderson, E.W., Valladares, F., Vila, M., Zamora, R. and Zobel, M. (2006) Novel ecosystems: theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order, Global Ecology & Biogeography, Vol. 15, pp. 1–7.
Hobbs, R.J. and Harris, J.A. (2001) Restoration ecology: Repairing the Earth’s damaged ecosystems in the new millennium, Restoration Ecology, Vol. 9, pp. 239–246.
Hobbs, R.J. and Norton, D.A. (1996) Towards a conceptual framework for restoration ecology, Restoration Ecology, Vol. 4,
Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E. and Harris, J.A. (2009) Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 24, pp. 599–605.
Hodges, J.D. (1997) Development and ecology of bottomland hardwood sites, Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 90,
Hilderbrand, R.H., Watts, A.C. and Randle, A.M. (2005) The myths of restoration ecology, Ecology and Society, Vol. 10(1), p. 19.
IPCC (2007) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC (Cambridge University Press).
Jasper, D.A. (2007) Beneficial soil microorganisms of the jarrah forest and their recovery in bauxite mine restoration in Southwestern Australia, Restoration Ecology Vol. 15, pp. S74–S84.
Kardol, P. and Wardle, D.A. (2010) How understanding aboveground-belowground linkages can assist restoration ecology, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25, pp. 670–679.
Markham, J., Young, I. and Renault, S. (2011) Plant facilitation on a mine tailings dump, Restoration Ecology 19, pp. 569–571.
Mayhew, P.J., Jenkins, G.B. and Benton, T.G. (2008) A long term association between global temperature and biodiversity origination and extinction in the fossil record, in Proceedings of Royal Society B, Vol. 275 (1630), pp. 47–53.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Island Press, Washington DC.
Odum, E.P. (1969) The strategy of ecosystem development, Science, Vol. 164, pp. 262–270.
Reusch, T.B. and Wood, T.E. (2007) Molecular of global change, Molecular Ecology, Vol. 16, pp. 3973–3992.
Ritz, K., Black, H.I.J., Campbell, C.D. and Harris, J.A. (2009) Selecting biological indicators for monitoring soils: A framework for balancing scientific and technical opinion to assist policy development, Ecological Indicators, pp. 1212–1221.
Ritz, K., McNicol, J.W., Nunan, N., Grayston, S.J., Millard, P., Atkinson, D., Gollotte, A., Habeshaw, D., Boag, B., Clegg, C.D., Griffiths, B.S., Wheatley, R.E., Glover, L.A., McCaig, A.E. and Prosser, J.I. (2004) Spatial structure in soil chemical and microbiological properties in an upland grassland, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Vol. 49, pp. 191–205.
Schultz, E.T., Johnston, R.J., Segerson, K. and Besedin, E.Y. (2012) Integrating ecology and economics for restoration: using ecological indicators in valuation of ecosystem services, Restoration Ecology, Vol. 20, pp. 304–310.
Simmons, M.E., Wu, X.B. and Whisenant, S.G. (2012) Responses of pioneer and later-successional plant assemblages to created microtopographic variation and soil treatments in riparian forest restoration, Restoration Ecology, Vol. 20, pp. 369–377.
Society for Ecological Restoration (2002) The SER Primer on Ecological Restoration, Society for Ecological Restoration Science and Policy Working Group, 9 p.
Suding, K.N. and Hobbs, R.J. (2009) Threshold models in restoration and conservation: a developing framework, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 24, pp. 271–279.
Turner, R. and Daily, G. (2008) The ecosystem services framework and natural capital conservation, Environmental and Resource Economics, Vol. 39, pp. 25–35.
Valladares, F., Gianoli, E. and Gomez, J.M. (2007) Ecological limits to plant phenotypic plasticity, New Phytologist, Vol. 176,
Wardle, D.A., Bardgett, R.D., Klironomos, J.N., Setälä, H., van den Putten, W. and Wall, D.H. (2004) Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota, Science, Vol. 304, pp. 1629–1633.
Whisenant, S.G. (1999) Repairing damaged wildlands: a process-oriented, landscape-scale approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 312 p.
Young, T.P., Petersen, D.A. and Clary, J.J. (2005) The ecology of restoration: historical links, emerging issues and unexplored realms, Ecology Letters, Vol. 8, pp. 662–673.