Hejny, H 2012, 'Earth observation for the assessment of environmental and societal impacts of mining activities and after mine closure – the EO-MINERS project', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 675-688, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1208_57_Hejny
Given the current status of political discussion in Europe about raw materials problems, the sustainable development of the extractive industry and the reduction of its environmental footprint are among the key topics in this discussion. In this context, the European Commission approved the EO-MINERS project (Earth Observation for Monitoring and Observing Environmental and Societal Impacts of Mineral Resources Exploration and Exploitation).
One of the scientific and technical objectives of EO-MINERS is to assess policy requirements at macro (public) and micro (mining companies) levels and define environmental, socio-economic, societal and sustainable development criteria and indicators to be possibly dealt using earth observation (EO) technologies. Further to that, the project will use existing EO knowledge and carry out new developments on three demonstration sites (Sokolov lignite mining area, Czech Republic, Witbank coal field, South Africa, Makmal gold mine, Kyrgyzstan) to further demonstrate the capabilities of integrated EO-based methods and tools in monitoring, managing and contributing towards reducing the environmental and societal footprints of the extractive industry during all phases of a mining project, from the exploration to the exploitation and closure stages. Finally, it will provide reliable and objective information about affected ecosystems, populations and societies, to serve as a basis for a sound ‘trialogue’ between industrialists, governmental organisations and stakeholders.
The paper will discuss only results obtained so far, as the project is scheduled to run until October 2013. The project will further indicate ways in which the project results and products may be used for monitoring purposes beyond the operational phase of a mine.
Adar, S., Notesco, G., Brook, A., Livne, I., Rojik, P., Kopacková, V., Zelenkova, K., Misurec, J., Bourguignon, A., Chevrel, S., Ehrler, C., Fisher, C., Hanus, J., Shkolnisky, Y. and Ben Dor, E. (2011) Change Detection over Sokolov Open-Pit Mining Area, Czech Republic, Using Multi-Temporal HyMAP Data (2009–2010), in Presentation and paper at the SPIE RS 2011, L. Bruzzone (ed.) 19–22 September 2011, Prague, Czech Republic.
African Union (2009) African Mining Vision 2050.
Chevrel, S., Ben Dor, E., Fischer, C., Kopackova, V., Jordan, C., van Tonder, D., Adar, S. and Ehrler, C. (2011) Monitoring the Environmental and Societal Impacts of Mining – The EO-MINERS project, in Presentation at the GRSG Annual meeting, Frascati, Italy, 7–9 December 2011.
European Commission (2005a) COM (2005)670, Thematic Strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources.
European Commission (2005b) COM (2005)658 final, On the review of the Sustainable Development Strategy – A platform for action.
European Commission (2008) COM (2008)699, The Raw Materials Initiative – Meeting our Critical Needs for Growth and Jobs in Europe.
European Commission Staff Working Paper (2007) SEC (2007)771, Analysis of the competitiveness of the non-energy extractive industry in the EU.
EEA (2003) European Environment Agency. Europe’s environment, the third assessment.
ETP-SMR (2009) European Technology Platform on Sustainable Mineral Resources. Strategic Research Agenda, Rev 3.
ETP-SMR (2007) European Technology Platform on Sustainable Mineral resources. Implementation Plan.
Falck, E., Blanchard, F., Solar, S.V., Spangenberg, J.H. and Wittmer, D. (2011) Stakeholder-Driven Enablement Through Earth-Observation Information – The project EO-MINERS, in Presentation at the SRMINING 2011, First International Seminar on Social Responsibility in Mining, Santiago, Chile, 19–21 October 2011.
ICMM (2003) International Council on Mining and Metals. Sustainable Development Framework – 10 Principles.
Schütz, H., Moll, S. and Bringezu, S. (2003) Globalisierung und die Verlagerung von Umweltbelastungen, Wuppertal Papers, Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH.
SDIMI (16/08/2010) SDIMI.org. An International Forum for Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry – Objectives, viewed November 2008,
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition (August 1999) John Wiley & Sons Inc.