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, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 261-269, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1263_22_Jones
The use of admixtures in mining backfill will enhance the performance of the backfill but can also reduce environmental impacts promoting a strong sustainability strategy for the mining industry. While BASF has developed innovative solutions for mining backfill to maintain or increase backfill compressive strengths and provide better flow properties (retention time) of the fill to eliminate higher risk of blockage, the performance results are attainable with less impact to the environment. Quantifying these impacts is completed with a unique BASF tool: eco-efficiency analysis (EEA). The EEA assesses both the costs and environmental impact of the backfill and presents the results in a format that is clear, concise, and valuable to those concerned with Sustainability.
Boustead Consulting Ltd UK (2011) The Boustead Model 5.0 LCA database, viewed at
, last modified 20/12/2011.
ISO (1997) International Organization for Standardization. Environmental Management-Life Cycle Assessment-Principles and Framework; ISO 14040:1997(E).
Landsliedel, R. and Saling, P. (2002) Assessment of Toxicological Risks for Life Cycle Assessment and Eco-efficiency Analysis, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Springer Verlag, Vol. 7, No. 5, pp. 261–268.
Saling, P., Kicherer, A., Dittrich-Kraemer, B., Wittlinger, R., Zombik, W., Schmidt, I., Schrott, W. and Schmidt. S. (2002) Eco-efficiency Analysis by BASF: The Method, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Springer Verlag, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 203–218.