Ulrich, B & Coffin, J 2013, 'Considerations for tailings facility design and operation using filtered tailings', in R Jewell, AB Fourie, J Caldwell & J Pimenta (eds), Paste 2013: Proceedings of the 16th International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 201-210, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1363_15_Ulrich
The use of filtering technology has improved considerably during the past few years, and tailings disposal facilities using filtered tailings are becoming more and more commonplace. Where once this method was only deemed suitable for relatively small-scale operations, technological advances are now being realised for large-scale operators. Often this application appears to be, and in fact is, relatively simple and straightforward. As with other tailings preparation methods, the use of filtered tailings provides no inherent panacea for tailings placement. Designers are advised to adopt designs thoughtfully, using site-specific data, information and tailings properties to ensure the method is employed rationally and that the resulting facility designs are flexible enough to accommodate changes to presumed operational design criteria. Practical experiences with facilities where less than optimal performance was achieved are presented.
Bedell, D. (2006) Thickening and filtration, in Paste and Thickened Tailings ‒ A Guide, 2nd edition, R.J. Jewell and A.B. Fourie (eds), Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, Australia, pp. 95–123.
Davies, M.P., Lupo, J., Martin, T., McRoberts, E., Musse, M. and Ritchie, D. (2010) Dewatered tailings practice – trends and observations, in Proceedings Fourteenth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, Vail, Colorado, USA, A.A. Balkema, The Netherlands, pp. 133–142.
Davies, M.P. and Rice, S. (2001) An alternative to conventional tailing management – "dry stack" filtered tailings, in Proceedings Eighth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA, A.A. Balkema, The Netherlands, pp. 411–422.
Jewell, R.J. (2006) Introduction, in Paste and Thickened Tailings ‒ A Guide, 2nd edition, R.J. Jewell and A.B. Fourie (eds), Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, Australia, pp. 3–9.
Jewell, R.J. and Fourie, A.B. (eds) (2006) Paste and Thickened Tailings ‒ A Guide, 2nd edition, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, 242 p.
Kubach, C. (2010) Dewatering equipment, removing solids from liquid-solid mixtures (slurries), viewed 7 November 2010,
Lupo, J. and Hall, J. (2010) Dry stack tailings – design considerations, in Proceedings Fourteenth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, Vail, Colorado, USA, A.A. Balkema, The Netherlands, pp. 327–334.
Rosemont Copper Company (2008) Filtered tailings dry stacks current state of practice final report, prepared by AMEC Earth & Environmental, Inc., viewed 21 November 2012,
Ulrich, B. (2003) Toward a sensible use of paste tailings, Mining Environmental Magazine, The Mining Journal Limited, May, London, pp. 21–23.
US EPA (2000) United States Environmental Protection Agency. Biosolids technology fact sheet, Belt Filter Press, EPA 832F00-057, September, pp. 1–7.
USFS (2010) EIS Environmental impact statement Rosemont Copper Project, viewed 30 October 2010,
Wilson, G.W., Miskolczi, J., Dagenais, A., Levesque, I., Smith, Q., Lanteigne, L., Hulett, L. and Landriault, D. (2006) The application of blended waste rock and tailings for cover systems in mine waste management, in Proceedings 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), 26–30 March, viewed 30 November 2012,