Authors: Wen, B; Zhou, J-W; Zhang, L-M
Show More
Purchase Paper

Citation as:   ris   bibtex   endnote   text   Zotero

Coal mining impacts land resources and lowers the environmental quality which has led to a focus on ecological reclamation in mining areas. This study aimed to find a new method for land reclamation of mining subsidence areas and also provide a reference for land reclamation in these mining areas. The study method initially conducted an eco-geological survey at the mining subsidence area in Zoucheng city. Data collected from the survey was used to link plants and their underground habitats. Data was collected through stringent ecological procedures. The appropriate thickness and medium characteristics of covering soil were determined by the theory of plant below-ground habitat. The study results showed that the appropriate thickness of covering soil in the Zoucheng coal mining subsidence area was 30 cm for herbages; 50 cm for emergent aquatic plants; 70 cm for moisture-proof trees; and 90 cm for drought-proof trees. Furthermore, surface soils with depth of 0–30 cm were suitable cover mediums, and local subsoil could be used as a cover medium after applying artificial fertilisers.

Keywords: coal mining subsidence area; land reclamation; plant below-ground habitat; thickness of covering soil

Wen, B, Zhou, J-W & Zhang, L-M 2016, 'Appropriate thickness and medium of covering soil on land reclamation in a coal mining subsidence area', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 161-171.

Antwi, EK, Efah, KA, Rene, K & Gerhard, W 2008, ‘Detecting the effect of disturbance on habitat diversity and land cover change in a post-mining area using GI’, Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 22–32.
Bai, ZK 2005, ‘Scientific research and experimentation of mined land reclamation of Shanxi during 1986-1994’, Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University (Natural Sciences), vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 313–317.
Bai, ZK & Yun, WJ 2008, ‘A case study on Pingshuo mining area: land rehabilitation and reutilization in mining districts’, Resources & Industries, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 32–37.
Baker, P 1993, ‘Some aspects of rehabilitation at South Blackwater’, The Australian Coal Journal, no. 41, pp. 17–25.
Bian, ZF 1999, ‘Research on succession rules and regulation of land reclamation in mining area’, China Land Science, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 6–11.
Bian, ZF 2000, ‘Review of research on land reclamation in coal mines area in domestic and abroad’, China Land Science, vol. 1, no. 14, pp. 6–11.
Bian, ZF 2005, Research on the recultivation and ecological reconstruction in coal mining area in china’, Resources & Industries, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 18–24.
Bremner, JM 1960, ‘Determination of nitrogen in soil by the Kjeldahl method’, The Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 11–33.
Chen, X, Bao, B, Hu, YY, Yang, XM & Yang, JH 2010, ‘Comparison analysis of quality standards of soils for landscape and garden in China’, Northern Horticulture, no. 21, pp. 4759–4762.
Dou, FF, Li, P & Zhu, JW 2013, ‘Research on Suitability Evaluation of Land Reclamation of the Chensilou Coal Mine in Yongcheng’, Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 192–197.
Feng, QZ & Xu, HL 2009, Determination of the thickness and medium of covering soil for land reclamation, Agricultural Science & Technology, no. 4, pp. 183–188.
He, H, Wang, ZW, Hu, D, Zhang, CM, Li, HT & Jia, N 2011, ‘Progress on interactions between root exudates and rhizosphere microorganisms’, Journal of Hebei Agricultural Sciences, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 69–73.
Hossner, LR 1988, Reclamation of surface-mined lands, Vol I, CRC Press Inc.
Hu, ZQ 1995, Research on land reclamation of open pit coal mine, Coal Industry Press, Beijing.
Lottermoser, BG, Munksgaard, NC & Daniell, M 2009, ‘Trace element uptake by mitchell grasses grown on mine wasters, canningtonag-pb-zn mine, Australia: implications for mined land reclamation’, Water Air Soil Pollution, vol. 203, no. 1, pp. 243–259.
Mukhopadhyay, K 1994, ‘Environmental ramifications in surface mining with respect to land degradation under Indian context’, Journal of Mines, Metals & Fuels, pp. 200–205.
Mumtaz, S, Streten, C, Parry, DL, McGuinness, KA, Lu, P & Gibb, KS 2015, ‘Land application of mine water causes minimal uranium loss offsite in the wet-dry tropics: Ranger Uranium Mine, Northern Territory’, Australia, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, vol. 149, pp. 121–128.
Negi, VS, Bhatt, ID, Phondani, PC & Kothyari, BP 2015, ‘Rehabilitation of degraded community land in Western Himalaya: linking environmental conservation with livelihood’, Current Science, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 520–528.
Plasswt 1975, ‘Reclamation of surface mined land’, Ohio Journal of Science, vol. 6, no. 75, p. 298.
Singh, MM & Bhattacharya, S 1987, ‘Proposed criteria for assessing subsidence damage to renewable resource lands’, Mining Engineering, pp. 189–193.
Tang, HJ 2004, ‘Land reclamation and ecological reconstruction’, Journal of Hengyang Normal University (Natural Science), vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 85–88.
Wang, HC 2009, ‘Review of research on theory and practice of land reclamation in mining area’, Economic Forum, no. 13, pp. 40–42.
Wang, Li & Zhang, HS 2013, ‘The research progress of land reclamation in mining area in domestic and abroad’, Research of Soil and Water Conservation, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 294–300.
Xing, HW & Zheng, L 2012, ‘Ecological restoration based on landscape soil fertility: taking south hot spring park in Chongqing for example’, Hubei Agricultural Sciences, vol. 51, no. 21, pp. 4759–4762.
Xu, HL, Feng, QZ & Ning, LB 2010, Research on integrated management of coal mine geological environment, Geology Press, Beijing.
Xu, HL, Sun, ZQ & Ma, R 2004, ‘Plant below-ground habitat and stable layer of plant species in habitat’, Earth Science—Journal of China University of Geosciences, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 239–246.
Xu, HL, Tang, ML & Ma, R 2003, ‘Study on survival regions of plant species in middle-lower reaches of Heihe river’, Earth Science—Journal of China University of Geosciences, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 551–556.
Xue, JH, Wang, Z & Lv, XS 2002, ‘Progress on the interaction between tree roots and soil environment’, Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition), vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 79–84.
Zhang, SQ & Shan, L 2001, ‘Research progress on water uptake in plant roots’, Chinese Journal of Applied and Environment Biology, no. 4, pp. 396–402.

© Copyright 2017, Australian Centre for Geomechanics (ACG), The University of Western Australia. All rights reserved.
Please direct any queries to or error reports to