Ghazvinian, E, Kalenchuk, KS & Diederichs, MS 2017, 'Three-dimensional random Voronoi models for simulation of brittle rock damage around underground excavations in laminated ground', in J Wesseloo (ed.), Deep Mining 2017: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Deep and High Stress Mining
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 277-288, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1704_19_Ghazvinian
Three-dimensional Voronoi tessellations are utilised to demonstrate the simulation of brittle damage around underground mine excavations. Synthetic rock mass models are developed based on calibrated simulations that have been up-scaled to represent excavation-scale rock mass conditions. Rock mass anisotropy plays a significant role in the stability of underground excavations, and so anisotropic conditions are replicated by implementing the up-scaled laminated grain-based model composed of elongated three-dimensional Voronoi blocks. Models explore the influence of the orientation of anisotropic fabric with respect to the in situ stress tensor to demonstrate the Voronoi-based discrete element method modelling technique for simulation of brittle failure. The numerical results verified the success of this approach in capturing the correct failure mode controlled by fabric-guided fracturing in the walls of deep undergrounds openings.
Keywords: numerical modelling, 3D Voronoi tessellation, excavation stability
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