Authors: Kanda, MJ; Stacey, TR

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Kanda, MJ & Stacey, TR 2019, 'Review of the practical effectiveness of thin spray-on liners based on information from suppliers and observations from the mining industry', in J Wesseloo (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Mining Geomechanical Risk, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 443-458.

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Abstract:
Thin spray-on liners (TSLs) provide areal support to rock excavation surfaces, and have been implemented in the mining sector for over 20 years. However, scepticism over their usage still prevails, despite the results of laboratory research that has been carried out indicating their effectiveness for use in mines. The study described in this paper aims to highlight TSL performance as viewed by the mining industry. Some underground cases of practical performance have been singled out and compared with the expected performance based on information from suppliers and from laboratory testing perspectives, and the causes of the resulting quality of performances were categorised. Among the causes of the discrepancies between expectations and observations is the lack of inclusion of parameters such as temperature and humidity in the laboratory tests, which could have significant effects on the liner performance since, based on results from Brazilian indirect tensile tests on coated samples, their inclusion doubles the probability of failure and therefore, increases the predicted geotechnical risk of failure. Consequently, to take into account potential performance discrepancies, some existing recommendations and further potential recommendations are suggested in the paper. If later validated, these suggestions could be included in a good practice guideline for TSL application in underground mines.

Keywords: thin spray-on liners, tensile strength, membrane displacement test, suppliers, laboratory, mining, response surface methodology, probability of failure, geotechnical risk

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