Aheto-Tsegah, D 2019, 'Interesting case studies of conscious uncoupling', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Mine Closure 2019: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 345-354, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1915_28_Aheto-Tsegah
Integrated mine closure has come a long way in recent years. The physical aspect of closure involving land rehabilitation receives more attention in the mining world relative to the socio-economic aspect of closure, which is typically more challenging. This paper reviews the regulations pertaining to mine closure in Ghana and the indicators of social closure impacts that have been reflected in various types of mining community conflicts across Africa and specifically in Ghana. The paper also focuses on some of the strategies two mines in Ghana have adopted to implement sustainable social development plans for their respective host communities in order to improve the socio-economic status of the communities. These strategies were largely implemented during operations and have the potential to be extended into other African mining communities to increase the potential for the development of sustainable post-mining economies.
Keywords: mine closure, socio-economic, social closure, community, sustainable
Ababio, EOM 2012, ‘Gold mining and the development of Obuasi in Adanse’, paper presented at the International Mining History Congress, Johannesburg, 17–20 April.
Amponsah-Tawiah, K & Dartey-Baah, K 2011, ‘The mining industry in Ghana: a blessing or a curse’, International Journal of Business and Social Science, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 62–69.
AngloAmerican Platinum Limited 2015, Sustainable Development Report 2015: Driving Change, Defining our Future, viewed 28 March 2019,
AngloGold Ashanti 2017a, Sustainable Development Report 2017, viewed 23 March 2019,
AngloGold Ashanti 2017b, Ghana Malaria Programme, viewed 23 March 2019,
Burns, C & Church, J 2018, ‘Managing the social impacts of mine closure: How companies can better manage the social impacts of mine closure’, Canadian Mining Journal, vol. 139, no. 6,
Essel, I 2013, ‘Anyinam residents clashed with police over AngloGold power cut’, Joy Online, viewed 25 March 2019,
Gbireh, AB, Cobblah, A & Suglo, RS 2007, ‘Analysis of the trends of gold mining in Ghana’, Ghana Mining Journal, vol. 9, pp. 38–49.
Ghana News Agency 2013, ‘Ntotroso Community Nursing Training School admits first batch in October’, GhanaWeb, viewed 30 March 2019,
Ghana News Agency 2014, ‘AGA organises business fair at Obuasi’, News Ghana, viewed 30 March 2019,
Ghana News Agency 2016, ‘Veep presents bus to Ntotroso Nursing College’, viewed 30 March 2019,
GhanaWeb 2005, ‘Obuasi Malaria Control Programme to be launched next March’, viewed 30 March 2019,
Heikkinen, PM, Noras, P, Salminen, R, Mroueh, GTKUM, Vahanne, P, Wahlstrom, MM, … Kompa, V 2008, Mine Closure Handbook: Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industries, viewed 25 March 2019,
International Council on Mining of Metals 2019, viewed 25 March 2019,
International Finance Corporation & Newmont 2009, Creating the Foundations for a Linkage Program in a Rural Setting: Lessons Learned From the Early Stages of the Ahafo Linkages Program in Ghana, viewed 25 March 2019,
James, N 2018, ‘Perceptions mines are not doing enough for nearby communities fuelling protests’, Engineering News, viewed 28 March 2019,
Kane-Berman, J 2017, ‘Mining in SA: Then, now, and into the future – IRR’, viewed 29 March 2019,
Kenu, D 2017, ‘Anyinam residents protest AngloGold Ashanti’s decision to wean them off electricity supply’, Graphic Online, viewed 25 March 2019,
Kumsah, CE 2018, ‘Anglogold Ashanti Obuasi mine’s innovative malaria programme receives recognition’, Prime News Ghana, viewed 28 March 2019,
Mazzuca, CR 2017, ‘Kalsaka/Sega Gold Mines, Amara Mining plc/Perseus Ltd, Burkina Faso’, Environmental Justice Atlas, viewed 29 March 2019,
Ministry of Food and Agriculture 2016, Agriculture in Ghana: Facts and Figures (2015), viewed 25 March 2019,
Newmont Ahafo Ghana 2019, Community, viewed 17 July 2019,
Odopa, AG 2015, ‘Poor infrastructure limits admission into Ntotroso Nursing College’, The Chronicle, viewed 30 March 2019,
Rare Gold Nuggets 2015, ‘Huge undiscovered gold deposits in Mali’, Rare Gold Nuggets, viewed 25 March 2019,
Snorek, JL 2017, ‘Attempting social responsibility at IAMGOLD’s mine, Burkina Faso’, Environmental Justice Atlas, viewed 29 March 2019,
Thomas, KW 2015, The Conscious Uncoupling 5 Step Process, viewed 25 March 2019,
Traore, M 2016, ‘Extractive industries, the state and host communities: a study of gold mining industry in Ghana’, Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 108–113.
United Nations Development Program 2017, Report of UNDP “Nkitahodie” Policy Dialogue Series 2017: Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Legal Regime in Ghana: Policy Options for Addressing Gaps and Challenges, viewed 30 March 2019,
Vale 2017, Decomissioning, viewed 5 June 2019,
Wright, A 2016, 'A common-sense approach to mine closure design in the remote Western Australian interior', in AB Fourie &
M Tibbett (eds), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 635–648.
Xavier, A, Veiga, MM & van Zyl, D 2015, ‘Introduction and assessment of a socio-economic mine closure framework’, Journal of Management and Sustainability, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 38–49.