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Integrated mine closure has come a long way in recent years. The physical aspect of closure involving land rehabilitation receives more attention in the mining world relative to the socio-economic aspect of closure, which is typically more challenging. This paper reviews the regulations pertaining to mine closure in Ghana and the indicators of social closure impacts that have been reflected in various types of mining community conflicts across Africa and specifically in Ghana. The paper also focuses on some of the strategies two mines in Ghana have adopted to implement sustainable social development plans for their respective host communities in order to improve the socio-economic status of the communities. These strategies were largely implemented during operations and have the potential to be extended into other African mining communities to increase the potential for the development of sustainable post-mining economies.
Keywords: mine closure, socio-economic, social closure, community, sustainable
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