Authors: Gaudreau, D


Cite As:
Gaudreau, D 2019, 'About the likely performance of ground support systems submitted to dynamic loading', in J Hadjigeorgiou & M Hudyma (eds), Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Ground Support in Mining and Underground Construction, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 213-230,

Download citation as:   ris   bibtex   endnote   text   Zotero

This paper presents an update to the approach proposed by Gaudreau et al. (2004) for assessing the performance of tendon support systems subjected to dynamic loading. Initially, the updated approach was developed subsequent to the quasi-static and impact pull-out testing data assembled during the modified cone bolt (MCB) prototype tendon support validation. The technique has subsequently been used to estimate the displacement of tendon support systems when subjected to dynamic loading, using experimental data from the tendon’s response to quasi-static loading and its material properties. The proposed displacement evaluation method provides a means of calculating the maximum capacity range of tendons for rockburst support design.

Keywords: dynamic testing, impact testing, rockbolt rheological model, rockburst, rockbolt

Amiss, JM, Jones, FD & Ryffel, HH 2000, Machinery’s Handbook Guide 26, Industrial Press, South Norwalk.
ASTM International 2006, Standard Specification for Steel Strand, Uncoated Seven-wire for Prestressed Concrete (A416), ASTM International, West Conshohocken.
Aydan, Ö 2018, Rock Reinforcement and Rock Support, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Aziz, N, Mirzaghorbanali, A, Nemcik, J, Heemann, K & Mayer, S 2015, ‘Shear strength properties of plain and spirally profiled cable bolts’, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1490–1495.
Aziz, N, Pratt, D & Williams, R 2003, ‘Double shear testing of bolts’, in Aziz, N (ed.), Coal 2003: Coal Operators’ Conference, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, and The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Melbourne, pp. 154–161.
CSA Group 2014, Carbon Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement CSA G30.18-09 (R2014), CSA Group, Toronto.
Chen, Y 2014, ‘Experimental study and stress analysis of rock bolt anchorage performance’, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 428–437.
Chen, Y, & Li, CC 2015, ‘Performance of fully encapsulated rebar bolts and D-bolts under combined pull-and-shear loading’, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 45, pp. 99–106.
Derrick, WR & Grossman, SI 1987, A First Course in Differential Equations with Applications, 3rd edn, West Publishing Company.
Engel, PA 1978, Impact Wear of Materials, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, 339 p.
Gaudreau, D 2004, Performance Assessment of Tendon Support Systems Submitted to Dynamic Loading, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal.
Gaudreau, D, Aubertin, M & Simon, R 2004, ‘Performance assessment of tendon support systems submitted to dynamic loading’,
in E Villaescusa & Y Potvin (eds), Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Ground Support in Mining and Underground Construction, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 299–312.
Gibowicz, SJ 1993, An Introduction to Mining Seismology, Academic Press, Cambridge, 399 p.
Gillerstedt, P 1999, Full Scale Pull- and Shear Laboratory Tests of Conebolts, unpublished, Boliden Ltd.
Grasselli, G 2005, ‘3D behaviour of bolted rock joints: experimental and numerical study’, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 13–24.
Kaiser, PK & Cai, M 2012, ‘Design of rock support system under rockburst condition’, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 215–227.
Li, CC 2010, ‘A new energy-absorbing bolt for rock support in high stress rock masses’, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 396–404.
Li, CC & Doucet, C 2012, ‘Performance of D-bolts under dynamic loading’, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 193–204.
Li, CC, Stjern, G & Myrvang, A 2014, ‘A review on the performance of conventional and energy-absorbing rock bolts’, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 315–327.
Li, L 2016, Investigation into Shear Performance of Rock Bolts under Static and Dynamic Loading Conditions, PhD thesis, UNSW, Sydney.
Mase, GE 1970, Continuum mechanics, Schaum’s outline series, McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 196–216.
Normet, 2014, D-bolt Technical Data Sheet, Normet, viewed 19 May 2019,
Plouffe, M, Anderson, T & Judge, K 2008, ‘Rock bolts testing under dynamic conditions at CANMET-MMSL’, Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Ground Support in Mining and Civil Engineering Construction, Symposium Series S, vol. 51, South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Johannesburg, pp. 581–595.
Player, J, Villaescusa, E & Thompson, AG 2008, ‘An examination of dynamic test facilities’, Australian Mining Technology Conference, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Melbourne.
Standards Australia 2001, AS/NZS 4671-2001: Steel Reinforcing Materials, Standards Australia, Sydney.
Thomas, GB & Finney, RL 1992, Calculus and Analytic Geometry, 8th edn, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Boston.
Van Sint Jan, M 1994, ‘A procedure to design tunnel support for rockburst conditions’, International Workshop on Applied Rockburst Research, Santiago, pp. 277–286.

© Copyright 2021, Australian Centre for Geomechanics (ACG), The University of Western Australia. All rights reserved.
Please direct any queries or error reports to