Wu, A, Zhuen, R, Yin, S, Wang, Y, Wang, Y, Wang, S & Yan, B 2020, 'Integrated Disposal of Paste Backfill and Surface High-concentration Tailings Stacking at Chambishi Copper Mine', in H Quelopana (ed.), Paste 2020: 23rd International Conference on Paste, Thickened and Filtered Tailings
, Gecamin Publications, Santiago, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/2052_58
Inspired by the success of cemented paste backfill in the west orebody of Chambishi Copper Mine, integrated disposal of paste backfill and surface high-concentration tailings stacking was applied in the southeast orebody. This paper presents the integrated disposal system, including two deep cone thickeners, double-shaft horizontal mixer, two plunger pumps for underground backfill and three diaphragm pumps for surface stacking. The challenges of the integrated disposal system were deep backfilling (0.98 km) and long-distance discharging (15 km), so a combination of gravity flow and pumping was used in paste backfill and three diaphragm pumps with a preset pressure of 7 MPa were applied for surface stacking. The annual ore production in the southeast orebody is 3.3 Mt, which is 3.3 times larger than that of the west orebody. Therefore, the capacity of the integrated disposal system also needs to be expanded. The capacity of the paste backfill system and surface stacking system were 160 m3/h with paste concentration of 75 wt.% and 265 m3/h with slurry concentration of 55 wt.%, respectively. In the first phase, the cement to tailings ratios for primary and second stopes are 1/8 and 1/24 respectively. To meet the backfill strength and reduce the cost, waste rock will be added in paste backfill in the second phase, the waste rock to tailings ratio is 1/3, the cement to tailings and waste rock ratio for primary stopes are 1:12, and 1:30 for secondary stopes. As a result, the UCS after 28 days for primary and second stopes were 1.2 MPa and 0.5 MPa, respectively.
Li, H., Zhang, J., Zhang, D., Li, Z. & Hu, G. (2017) ‘Paste pipeline transportation for Chambishi Copper Mine’, Proceedings of 20th International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Beijing, pp.393-401.
Wu, A., Miao, X., Liu, X., Wang, Y., Wang, C. & Zhang, J. (2015) ‘Paste backfill system design and commissioning at Chambishi Copper Mine’, Proceedings of 18th International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 301-308.