Authors: Mujahid, A; Sudrajat, J; Octaviano, HA; Wijaya, TR; Darmawan, A; Romauli, CI

Open access courtesy of:

DOI https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/2215_70

Cite As:
Mujahid, A, Sudrajat, J, Octaviano, HA, Wijaya, TR, Darmawan, A & Romauli, CI 2022, 'Five years of biodiversity index values in the reclamation area of former tin mining', in AB Fourie, M Tibbett & G Boggs (eds), Mine Closure 2022: 15th International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 961-972, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/2215_70

Download citation as:   ris   bibtex   endnote   text   Zotero


Abstract:
Mining activities continuously change the landscape. For tin mining activities, the end is a stretch of sandy land that is poor in nutrients. Thus, reclamation activities which consist of revegetation are needed to overcome the problem of land degradation. This study aims to calculate the index of diversity or diversity including the Shannon Wiener index, Margalef index, evenness index and the dominance index of vegetation types on the reclamation area of formerly mined land with the time period of five years. Data was collected using a purposive sampling random method. The result of the survey is the reclamation area mainly consists of 18 main plant species and 13 understory species. There are ±5 types of early environmental setting plants before the mining started including sengon (Albizia falcataria), cashew (Annacardium occidantale), oil palm (Ellais guenensis), rubber (Havea brasiliensis), and ketapang (Teminalia catappa). Nevertheless, at the time the research was conducted, there were 18 types of plants that grew naturally, indicating the occurrence of land restoration by natural succession.

Keywords: mine reclamation, revegetation, biodiversity, Bangka Belitung Indonesia

References:
Alikodra, HS 1988, Dasar-dasar Pengelolaan Habitat (Basic Management Habitat), KSDA Publishing, Bogor.
Indriyanto 2012, Ekologi Hutan (Forest Ecology), Bumi Akasara Publishing, Jakarta.
Kusmana,I 1997, Penuntun Praktikum Ekologi Hutan (Forest Ecology Practicum Guide), IPB Press, Bogor.
Magurran, AE 1988, Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement, Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
Margalef, R 1958, ‘Information theory in ecology’, General Systems, vol. 3, pp. 36–71.
Nugroho, AW & Yassir, I 2017, ‘Kebijakan Penilaian Keberhasilan Reklamasi Lahan Pasca-Tambang Batubara di Indonesia’ (Policy Study on Post Coal Mining Reclamation Assessment in Indonesia), Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan (Journal of Forestry Policy Analysis) , vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 121–136.
Odum, EP 1953, Fundamentals of Ecology, Saunders, Philadelphia.
Soegianto, A 1994, Ekologi Kuantitatif: Metode Analisis Populasi dan Komunitas (Quantitative Ecology: Methods of Population and Community Analysis), Usaha Nasional Publishing, Jakarta.
Syari, I, Sudrajat, J, Octaviano, H, Hutahaean, B, Adnis, R & Taruk Allo, O 2019, ‘Implementation of offshore reclamation methods on an old tin mining area on Bangka Island, Indonesia’, in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Mine Closure 2019: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 1315-1334.
Yunianto, B 2009, ‘Kajian problema pertambangan timah di Propinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung sebagai masukan kebijakan pertimahan nasional (Study of tin mining problems in the Province of the Bangka Belitung Islands as input for national tin policy)’, Jurnal Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara (Journal of Mineral and Coal Technology), vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 97–113.




© Copyright 2022, Australian Centre for Geomechanics (ACG), The University of Western Australia. All rights reserved.
Please direct any queries or error reports to repository-acg@uwa.edu.au