Authors: Zhu, Y; Zhou, JW; Su, DH; Feng, HB; Hou, QQ; Feng, CX

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Zhu, Y, Zhou, JW, Su, DH, Feng, HB, Hou, QQ & Feng, CX 2023, 'Exploring the paths of ecological transformation of mining wastelands under the market-oriented model: A case study of the remediation of Lingshan Mining Wasteland in Jiangxia District, Wuhan, China', in B Abbasi, J Parshley, A Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Mine Closure 2023: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth,

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In the context of market mechanism reform, this study addresses the challenges of ecological security, industrial discontinuity and policy gaps in the process of promoting mine ecological restoration through market-oriented means, and explores new methods and paths for the ecological transformation of mining wastelands. By applying the “resource-asset-capital” theoretical framework, this study analysed the market operation mechanism in mine ecological restoration, integrated market incentives and government regulation measures into the holistic process of governance, development and operation to formulate a market-oriented model for the ecological transformation of mining wastelands. Through an empirical study of the transformation design of Lingshan industrial and mining wastelands in Jiangxia District, this study considers fundamental concepts, including the incorporation of social capital investment, advanced technological support, and actively explores new governance models. This study proposes optimisation pathways from three aspects: mine ecological restoration, industrial spatial reconstruction and land regulation policies. These pathways include optimisation of the national spatial layout with ecological security reconstruction as the guiding principle, promoting industrial transformation and upgrading through the regeneration of industrial and mining land, and supporting diverse operational mechanisms through the implementation of land policy regulations. Under the market-oriented model, a collaborative design and management platform is established to ensure project implementation effects and achieve local environmental improvement and regional ecological transformation. This project not only restores the damaged environment, but also transforms it into an ecological cultural tourism complex, adding land index benefits and providing a new paradigm for current mine restoration and transformation design.

Keywords: Mining wastelands restoration, ecological transformation, land rehabilitation, market mechanism, property rights incentive

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