Authors: Saeedi, G; Osanloo, M; Shahriar, K; Bakhtavar, E+E1709

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Saeedi, G, Osanloo, M, Shahriar, K & Bakhtavar, E+E1709 2006, 'The Economic and Social Aspects of Mine Closure at the Coal Mines of Kerman in Iran', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Mine Closure 2006: Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 811-818,

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To be considered as sustainable state, a mining community needs to adhere to the principles of ecological sustainability, economic and social equity. These principles apply over a long time span, covering both the life of the mine and post-mining closure. Globally and domestically, the politics of mining are increasingly being played out at the local community level, monitored closely by a variety of media and non governmental organizations around the world. Investors, insurance companies, banks, governments, and citizens increasingly want little to do with an industry that is seen as indifferent to the present and future socio-economic and biophysical welfare of local communities. This is a message that has been communicated loudly by international organization, such as the international council on metals and the environment (ICMM) and the World Bank. Mining companies must now pursue their interests in a way that also promotes those of the local communities in regions where they are operating. The long-term sustainability and visibility of both the mining industry and its related communities justifies serious attention. Improving environmental performance and mitigating environmental impacts of mining are critical, but will not necessarily suffice to ensure the social health and welfare of associated communities (Veiga et al., 2001). It is necessary, therefore, to go further in considering what sustainability entails in the context of the mining. Communications, education, cooperative decision-making and diversification are all important elements in long-term community sustainability. The objective of this research is to attempt to highlight reasons of mine closure and the adverse social and economic effects of mine-closure in the coal mines of Kerman in Iran.

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818 Mine Closure 2006, Perth, Australia

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