Saeedi, G, Osanloo, M, Shahriar, K & Bakhtavar, E+E1709 2006, 'The Economic and Social Aspects of Mine Closure at the Coal Mines of Kerman in Iran', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 811-818, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/605_72
To be considered as sustainable state, a mining community needs to adhere to the principles of ecological
sustainability, economic and social equity. These principles apply over a long time span, covering both the
life of the mine and post-mining closure.
Globally and domestically, the politics of mining are increasingly being played out at the local community
level, monitored closely by a variety of media and non governmental organizations around the world.
Investors, insurance companies, banks, governments, and citizens increasingly want little to do with an
industry that is seen as indifferent to the present and future socio-economic and biophysical welfare of local
communities. This is a message that has been communicated loudly by international organization, such as the
international council on metals and the environment (ICMM) and the World Bank. Mining companies must
now pursue their interests in a way that also promotes those of the local communities in regions where they
are operating. The long-term sustainability and visibility of both the mining industry and its related
communities justifies serious attention. Improving environmental performance and mitigating environmental
impacts of mining are critical, but will not necessarily suffice to ensure the social health and welfare of
associated communities (Veiga et al., 2001).
It is necessary, therefore, to go further in considering what sustainability entails in the context of the mining.
Communications, education, cooperative decision-making and diversification are all important elements in
long-term community sustainability. The objective of this research is to attempt to highlight reasons of mine
closure and the adverse social and economic effects of mine-closure in the coal mines of Kerman in Iran.
Laurence, D.C. (2005) Optimisation of the mine closure process, Cleaner Production,Elsevier Ltd, No14, pp. 285-298.
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Policy Reserch Inttiatives, October 2000, pp. 10-26.
Roberts, A. and Shaw, S. (1999) Mine Closure, the Center for Mine Land Redevelopment, pp. 5 to 6.
Veiga, M., Scoble, M. and Mcallister, M.L. (2001) Mining with Communitions, Elsevier Science LTD, pp. 191-202.
Mine Closure 2006, Perth, Australia 817
Warhurst, A. (2000) Issues in the Management of the Socioeconomic Impacts of Mine closure: A Review of Challenges
and Constraints. In Environmental Policy in Mining, Warhurst, A. and Noronha, L., Ed., Lewis Publishers, Boca
Raton, pp. 81-99.
Kerman Coal Mines Company (2005) Statistical reports of Kerman’s coal mines.
Geological Survey of Iran, Seismotectonic Group (2005) Report.
Ministry of Industries and Mines of Iran (2005) Report.
The Economic and Social Aspects of Mine Closure at the Coal Mines of Kerman in Iran G. Saeedi, et al.
818 Mine Closure 2006, Perth, Australia