Molefe, N, Molapo, MP & Chunderdoojh, BP 2006, 'Socio-Economically Sustainable Communities Post Mine Closure ⎯ A Case Study of the South African Coal Mining Industry', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Mine Closure 2006: Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 819-827, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/605_73
Owing to the impacts of mining on the environment, on employees and on the community, mine closure
activities are not only confined to environmental rehabilitation activities, but also include social and labour
programmes to mitigate the negative impacts of mine closure on labour and on local communities. Although
challenges still exist, and many mitigation activities have failed to produce expected results, non-
governmental institutions, government institutions and mines are increasingly working together to negotiate
programmes that would be of greater benefit (compared to activities of the 1950s up to the 1980s) to those
affected by mine closure. Nowadays, the intention of the closing mines is that their redundant infrastructure
should be put to good use for the benefit of the local communities; that financial resources should be
implemented in corporate social responsibility initiatives to minimise the negative impacts of loss of wage
income within the employee population and within the general mining community; and that environmental
rehabilitation programmes should ensure as much as possible the removal of the mining footprint and the
creation of a safe environment for the community.
Byers, T., Kist, H. and Sutton, R.I. (1997) Characteristics of the Entrepreneur: Social Creatures, not Solo Heroes. The
Handbook of Technology Management.
Nel, E.L. and Hill, T.R. (2001) De-industrialisation and local economic development alternatives in KwaZulu Natal,
South Africa. Geography, 86(4), pp. 356-9.
Nel, E.L., Hill, T.R., Aitchison, K.C. and Buthelezi, S. (2003) The closure of coal mines and local development
responses in Coal-Rim Cluster, northern KwaZuluKwaZuluNatal, South Africa. Development Southern Africa,
20(3), pp. 369-385.
South Africa (2002) Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 28 of 2002. Department of Minerals and
Energy, Government Gazette, Pretoria.
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