Horst, J, Houston, K & Gillow, J 2008, 'Field Demonstration of Direct Mine-Pool Treatment to Mitigate Acid Mine Drainage', in AB Fourie, M Tibbett, I Weiersbye & P Dye (eds), Mine Closure 2008: Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 575-585, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/852_53
One of the most significant environmental challenges faced by the mining industry is the management of acid
drainage from former underground mine workings and waste rock piles. The conventional methods typically
employed to manage acid-mine drainage (AMD) and reduce its impact on the environment include diverting
drainage through systems that can neutralize the acidity and precipitate metals. These methods can require a
significant commitment of land and resources, and focus on point-sources that can be diverted for treatment.
They cannot account for fugitive subsurface flow which can also be a significant contributor to the overall
environmental impact of AMD.
By comparison, in-mine treatment to neutralize acidity, break the acid generation cycle, and improve the
quality of the discharge would be more effective and less costly than conventional approaches to AMD
management and source control. ARCADIS completed a three-month field-scale demonstration of a patented
process for in situ treatment and prevention of acid mine drainage (AMD) within the workings of an
abandoned bituminous coal mine located in the eastern United States. The phased treatment approach
decreased oxygen concentrations above the mine pool from over 20% (ambient air conditions) to less than
5% for the entire second half of the demonstration, raised the pH from a baseline of approximately 2.5 to
over 6, and then maintained a pH above 5 through microbially-produced alkalinity. Ferric iron was reduced
to non-detectable concentrations with a steady decreasing trend in soluble aluminum concentrations
(approximately 30% reduction in the study period). Additional precipitation of metals in solution would be
expected with longer operation, in response to further pH moderation and increases in sulphate reduction.
These results indicate that in-mine treatment is effective at breaking the AMD cycle and has significant
potential for managing the acidity from underground mine workings.
Houston, K., Milionis, P., Harrington, J.M., Harrington, J.G. and Eppley, R.L. (2005) Field demonstration of in situ
treatment and prevention of acid mine drainage in the abandoned Tide Mine, Indiana County, Pennsylvania,
Proceeding of the 2005 West Virginia Surface Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium.
Ridge, T. and Seif, J. (1998) Pennsylvania’s Comprehensive Plan for Abandoned Mine Reclamation, Department of
Singer, P.C. and Stumm, W. (1970) Acid mine drainage: the rate-determining step Science, 167, pp. 1121-1123.
Weber, W.J. and DiGiano, F.A. (1996) Process Dynamics in Environmental Systems. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 943 p.