Loncaric, AJ & Donnelly, B 2009, 'Proposed training programme for shotcrete operators', in PM Dight (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Safe and Rapid Development Mining
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 21-32.
The Australian mining industry uses approximately 500,000 m3 of shotcrete for ground support per year at a
cost of approximately 12–15% of the total development cost. Shotcrete quality and usage is significantly
affected by the skill and knowledge of the shotcrete operator. Most shotcrete operators start as offsiders and
are trained on the job by the resident expert. The skills acquired are usually what the resident expert knows,
or is able to teach, and are usually limited to operating the shotcrete rig and a site specific understanding of
shotcrete. These skills may not produce the same results in a different mine, with a different mix and a
Australia does not have a standard training programme or accreditation programme that would ensure
consistent skills and recognised certification for shotcrete operators. This paper presents a training
programme for shotcrete operators which encompasses both classroom based theory and site based
practical training. The training and assessment programme is competency based and includes standard
sprayed panel tests and boiled absorption tests. The programme is designed to provide career development
for the candidate, starting with a basic understanding of concrete operations in an underground
environment, progressing the trainee to a pump operator, then a nozzle-man and on to shotcrete project
management. It is designed for the candidate to be trained and then tested for each competency before
progressing to more difficult competencies. The package is currently being developed for accreditation
under the guidelines provided by the Queensland Department of Education, Training and the Arts.
Accreditation team (2008) How to accredit courses in Queensland under the Australian Quality Training Framework,
Queensland Government, Department of Education, Training and the Arts.
Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST) (2007) AQTF 2007 Standards for Accredited Courses,
Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Education, Science and Training.
Shotcrete Plus (2007) Shotcrete Plus training overview, Shotcrete Plus Training Program, Performance Training,
Talu, S. (2007) A case study carried out by Sami Talu, Rio Tinto Northparkes Mine, Unpublished Report to StrataCrete
by Northparkes Mine, New South Wales, Australia, November 2007.