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A business case provides the framework for the planning and management of an entire project, and assists in
systematically assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a project proposal. It includes justification for
undertaking the project based on its anticipated risks, expected benefits and estimated costs.
Business cases are used to assist in decision making processes, obtain management commitment and gain
investment approval by providing sound rationale for the investment. A business case should address all
phases of a project including closure; to do otherwise risks making a poor project investment.
The need for mine closure to be an integrated part of the complete project life cycle, including business
planning, is well documented. However, the information required by mining companies and project
managers, and the tools that can be used to develop the business case for closure, are less well understood.
Consequently, many industry personnel experience difficulty in developing an effective business case for
To provide guidance on how to successfully integrate mine closure planning and valuation into the business
planning process, this paper draws on experience in the mining industry in Australia and Asia from the
perspective of mining companies. This paper does not attempt to list all of the requirements for building a
successful business case for closure, but discusses six key aspects in this regard: motivation, project design,
risk assessment, legal compliance, closure valuation and teaming.
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