Schoenbrunn, F 2011, 'Dewatering to higher densities - an industry review', in R Jewell & AB Fourie (eds), Proceedings of the 14th International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 19-23.
The development of high density and paste thickening technologies has changed the economics used in evaluating the benefits of increased thickener underflow density. This comes at a time of increasing competition for scarce water resources and a tightening regulatory framework in both water use and impoundment. These and other factors have led to more and more plants using high density and paste thickening technologies together with optimised tailings disposal schemes to recover water, minimise tailings impoundment areas and comply with regulations. High density and paste thickening have allowed these plants to take advantage of the tailings disposal options that weren’t previously possible. This paper will give an overview of technology including the differences between high rate, high density and deep cone paste thickeners. It will also review a number of recent projects including the decision process and resulting technology selection. Results from recent installations will also be discussed.
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Schoenbrunn, F. (2005) High Tonnage Surface Stacking; Impediments to Implementation, in Proceedings Eighth International Seminar on Paste and Thickened Tailings (Paste05), R.J. Jewell and S. Barrera (eds), 20–22 April 2005, Santiago, Chile, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 251–259.
Vietti, A.J., Boshoff, J.C.J. and Cope, A. (2010) Does Thickening Save Water? the 4th International Platinum Conference, Platinum in Transition ‘Boom or Bust’, The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.