Authors: Smith, HD


DOI https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1152_119_Smith

Cite As:
Smith, HD 2011, 'A new best practice approach for mine closure in the tropics', in AB Fourie, M Tibbett & A Beersing (eds), Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 511-519, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_rep/1152_119_Smith

Download citation as:   ris   bibtex   endnote   text   Zotero


Abstract:
This paper considers how mine closure is approached in the tropical environment. It ties together a range of technical and social topics, including: governance and regulation; stakeholder input; mining economics; long-term social economics; health impacts; development of specific closure criteria for a number of different types of mines and land management practices. It highlights what can and often will go wrong where standard mine practices are applied to the tropics and, drawing on specific examples, looks at the positive and negative outcomes from attempts at mine closure in Australia’s Northern Territory during the late 20th and early 21st centuries. From these, a new paradigm is synthesised and offered as an improved “best practice”.

References:
ANZEC/MCA (2000) Australian and New Zealand Minerals and Energy Council and the Minerals Council of Australia ANZMEC and MCA: Strategic framework for mine closure Shed_env_guide_closure.pdf (2000), accessed 31 March 2011.
DITR (2006) Mine closure and completion. Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources, Commonwealth of Australia. (2006), accessed 31 March 2011.
Johnston, M., Clark, M.W., McMahon, P. and Ward, N. (2010) Alkalinity conversion of bauxite refinery residues by neutralization, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 182, (1–3), pp. 710–715.
Maddocks, G.A. (2009) Reactive in-situ covers for the remediation of mine waste rock using BAUXSOL lime and biosolids, PhD thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW.
Mudd, G.M., Smith, H.D., Kyle, G. and Thompson, A. (2011) In-Pit Tailings – World’s Best Practice for Long-Term Management of Tailings, MetPlant 2011: Plant design and operating strategies – world’s best practice, Perth, Western Australia, 8–9 August 2011.
Pudmenzky, A., Rossato, L., Doley, D., Ramirez-Bullon, C. and Baker, A.J.M. (2009) Development of a metallophyte spatial database covering Australia. Ecosystem Reconstruction and Pedogenesis. Proceedings Fourth International Conference on Mine Closure (Mine Closure 2009), A.B. Fourie and M. Tibbett (eds), 9–11 September 2009, Perth, Australia, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 311–315.
Reszat, T.N., Balding, G. and Fawcett, M. (2009) Remediation of small scale uranium mining activities in the South Alligator Valley, Kakadu National Park. Proceedings Fourth International Conference on Mine Closure (Mine Closure 2009), A.B. Fourie and M. Tibbett (eds), 9–11 September 2009, Perth, Australia, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 213–228.
Smith, H.D. (2008) Using Traditional Ecological Knowledge to Develop Closure Criteria in Tropical Australia, Proceedings Third International Seminar on Mine Closure (Mine Closure 2008), A.B. Fourie and M. Tibbett, I.M. Weiersbye, P. Dye (eds), 14–17 October 2008, Johannesburg, South Africa, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 47–56.
Smith, H.D. (2009) Strangers in a foreign land — developing cultural closure criteria for mines in Australia’s Northern Territory. Proceedings Fourth International Conference on Mine Closure (Mine Closure 2009), A.B. Fourie and M. Tibbett (eds), 9–11 September 2009, Perth, Australia, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 3–12.
Whiting, S.N., Reeves, R.D., Richards, D., Johnson, M.S., Cooke, J.A., Malaisse, F., Paton, A., Smith, J.A.C., Angle, J.S., Chaney, R.L., Ginocchio, R., Jaffré, T., Johns, R., McIntyre, T., Purvis, O.W., Salt, D.E., Schat, H., Zhao, F.J. and Baker, A.J.M. (2004) Research Priorities for Conservation of Metallophyte Biodiversity and their Potential for Restoration and Site Remediation, Restoration Ecology, 12, (1), pp. 106–116.
WMI (1994) Whitehorse Mining Initiative. Leadership Council Accord. The Mining Association of Canada. (1994), accessed 31 March 2011.




© Copyright 2021, Australian Centre for Geomechanics (ACG), The University of Western Australia. All rights reserved.
Please direct any queries or error reports to repository-acg@uwa.edu.au