Marais, M, van Deventer, PW & van Wyk, SJ 2006, 'Closure of the Stilfontein Gold Mine', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Mine Closure 2006: Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Mine Closure
, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 261-267, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/605_19
Although government regulations and legislation do exist in South Africa for the application of mine closure,
no gold mine in South Africa received a closure certificate yet. There might be various reasons for that, but
total commitment from all interested and affected parties (government, mine owner, communities,
consultants and contractors) never exist with respect to total closure where the financial implications,
environmental risks and social expectations was incorporated into one single plan. The proposed closure plan
for the Stilfontein Gold Mine were developed and evaluated by the said interested and affected parties in
detail over a period of years, before the concept closure plan was accepted and put into practice.
Chamber of Mines of South Africa (1996) Guidelines for Environmental protection.
Department of Mineral and Energy Affairs (1995) Manual for the construction, operation, pollution control,
rehabilitation, decommissioning, and after-care of gold tailings dams in South Africa.
Department of Minerals and Energy (2002) Draft mineral and petroleum resources development regulations in terms of
the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act.
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (2000) Government Notice No. 704. Guideline document for the
implementation of regulations on use of water for mining and related activities aimed at the protection of water
SABS 0286 (1998) Code of practice: Mine residue.
Closure of the Stilfontein Gold Mine M. Marais, et al.
266 Mine Closure 2006, Perth, Australia
Planning for Closure
Mine Closure 2006, Perth, Australia 267