Authors: Nurtjahya, E; Nur, MM; Mulyono, E


DOI https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/908_43

Cite As:
Nurtjahya, E, Nur, MM & Mulyono, E 2009, 'Rice field cultivation on tin-mined land in Bangka Island, Indonesia', in AB Fourie & M Tibbett (eds), Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Mine Closure, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 549-560, https://doi.org/10.36487/ACG_repo/908_43

Download citation as:   ris   bibtex   endnote   text   Zotero


Abstract:
Changing from previously tin-mined land into rice fields is good practice for increasing food stability in the province of Bangka Belitung Islands, as most major staples currently come from other islands. This pioneering project of Bangka Goes Green is a corporate social responsibility of a private tin smelter consortium in Pangkalpinang. Rice fields with an average area of 750 m2 were planted for the first time in October 2008. Rice field cultivation on previously tin-mined land has not been practiced before in this province. About of 16 m3 mineral soil and 26 t of compost were added to each newly constructed plot. Each hectare of 105–110 day rice field produced about 4–5 t dried unhulled rice, yielding 2.4–3 t rice grain, 25 t straw, 1.2–1.5 t husk, and 0.4–0.5 kg bran. The yields of IR64 dried unhulled rice and rice grain was close to those from unmined soil, i.e. 4–5 t and 3 t/ha consecutively. From the heavy metal content perspective, the rice grain is considered safe with no significant difference in contents for mined and unmined husks. If construction costs, mineral soil supply and compost costs are excluded, the pilot project benefits are about 9–12.8 million Rp/ha, if these costs are inclusive it suffers losses of 10–13.7 million Rp/ha. The economic benefit of rice field cultivation cannot, therefore, compensate the environmental recovery of previously mined land. Apart from this agricultural success, considerable efforts now have to be made to modify the soil amendment procedures in order to increase the benefits which may cover environmental loss.

References:
Ang, L.H. (1994) Problems and prospects of afforestation on sand tin tailings in peninsular Malaysia, Journal of
Tropical Forest Science, Vol. 7, pp. 87–105.
Ang, L.H. and Ang, T.B. (2000) Greening the tin tailing areas in Malaysia, In Proceedings Conference on Forestry and
Forest Products Research, S. Appanah, M.Y. Yusmah, W.J. Astinah and K.C. Khoo (eds), 2-4 November 1997,
Kepong, Malaysia, FRIM, pp. 195–205.
Asikin, S. and Thamrin, M. (2009) Pengendalian hama walang sangit (Leptocorisa oratorius F.) di Tingkat Petani
Lebak Kalimantan Selatan, viewed 16 May 2009, .
Asosiasi Tambang Timah Rakyat (ASTIRA) (2005) Tambang Rakyat Potensi Terabaikan, Asosiasi Tambang Timah
Rakyat, Pangkalpinang, artikel (unpublished).
Kompas (2009a) Pemerintah belum serius kembangkan benih padi lokal, Kompas, Jakarta 18 April 2009.
Kompas (2009b) Panen padi empat kali dalam setahun, Kompas, Jakarta, 25 April 2009.
Kusumastuti, E. (2005) Rehabilitasi Lahan Pasca Penambangan Timah di Pulau Bangka dengan Amelioran Bahan
Organik dan Bahan Tanah Mineral dengan Tanaman Indikator Jati (Tectona grandis), Sekolah Pascasarjana
Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, M.Sc. thesis (unpublished).
Latifah, S. (2000) Keragaan pertumbuhan Acacia mangium Willd. pada lahan bekas tambang timah (studi kasus di areal
kerja PT Timah Tbk., Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, M.Sc. thesis (unpublished).
Metro Bangka Belitung (2008) Edisi Khusus Bangka Goes Green, Bangka Goes Green, Pangkalpinang, Edisi Khusus.
Mitchell, B.A. (1959) The ecology of tin mine spoil heaps, Part I sand and gravel tailings, Malayan Forestry 22,
pp. 111–132.
Naning, M.I., Diha, M.A. and Gofar, N. (1999) Perbaikan sifat kimia bahan tailing asal lahan pasca penambangan timah
dan pertumbuhan tanaman jagung dengan pemberian bahan organik dan zeolit, In Prosiding Seminar Hasil
Penelitian Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Maret 1999, 16 p.
Norisada, M., Hitsuma, G., Kuroda, K., Yamanoshita, T., Masumori, M., Tange, T., Yagi, H., Nuyim, T., Sasaki, S. and
Kojima, K. (2005) Acacia mangium, a nurse tree candidate for reforestation on degraded sandy soils in the
Malay Peninsula, Forest Science, Vol. 51, pp. 498–510.
Nurtjahya, E. (2008) Revegetasi Lahan Pasca Tambang Timah dengan Beragam Jenis Pohon Lokal di Pulau Bangka,
Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. PhD thesis (unpublished).
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono, Setiadi, Y. (2008a) Revegetation of tin-mined land using various
local tree species in Bangka Island, Indonesia, Di dalam: Barnhisel RI, (ed) 2008, 2008 National Meeting of the
American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Richmond VA, New Opportunities to Apply Our Science on June
14–19, 2008, Lexington: ASMR, pp. 739–755.
Nurtjahya, E., Agustina, F. and Akbar, A. (2008b) Kajian Manfaat Sosial Ekonomi Penambangan Timah
Inkonvensional Dan Kerusakan Lingkungan Dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Yang Ditimbulkannya Di Pulau
Bangka – Studi Kasus Penambangan Perairan Pantai. Lap. Tahun II/Akhir Hibah Bersaing XV (086/SP2H/PP/
DP2M/III/2008).
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono and Setiadi, Y. (2008c) Establishment of four local tree species for
potential revegetating of tin-mined land in Bangka Island, Indonesia, In Proceedings of the Third International
Seminar on Mine Closure, Mine Closure 2008, A.B. Fourie, M. Tibbett, I.M. Weiersbye, P. Dye (eds), 14–17
October 2008, Johannesburg, South Africa, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp. 751–758.
Nurtjahya, E., Agustina, F. and Putri, W.A.E. (2007a) Kajian Manfaat Sosial Ekonomi Penambangan Timah
Inkonvensional Dan Kerusakan Lingkungan Dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Yang Ditimbulkannya Di Pulau
Bangka – Studi Kasus Penambangan Darat. Lap. Tahun I Hibah Bersaing XV (092/SP2H/PP/DP2M/III/2007).
Nurtjahya, E., Setiadi, D., Guhardja, E., Muhadiono and Setiadi, Y. (2007b) Succession on tin-mined land in Bangka
Island in The Seventh International Flora Malesiana Symposium, 17–22 June 2007, Leiden, The Netherlands,
7 p.
Nurtjahya, E. and Juairiah, L. (2006) Struktur anatomi dan karakter fisiologi tanaman pionir di lahan pasca
penambangan timah di Riding Panjang, Bangka, Universitas Bangka Belitung, Sungailiat, 31 p.
Nurtjahya, E. (2001) Revegetation on tin post mining area in Bangka Island (bibliographical review), Indonesian
Mining Journal, Vol. 7, pp. 32–37.
Pangkalpinang Meteorology Station (2006) Data iklim Bangka 1996–2005, Stasiun Meteorologi Pangkalpinang,
Pangkalpinang (unpublished).
PT Timah Tbk. – Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Sriwijaya (2000) Identifikasi Kolong Pasca Penambangan Timah di
Wilayah Bangka-Belitung, PT Timah Tbk., Pangkalpinang, Laporan Akhir (unpublished).
Puryanto, E. (1983) Rehabilitasi tanah pasir kuarsa eks tambang timah pulau Bangka dengan bahan-bahan alamiah
untuk budidaya tanaman jambu monyet (Anacardium occidentale L.), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, B.Sc.
thesis (unpublished).
Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat (PPTA) (1996) Laporan akhir penelitian studi upaya rehabilitasi lingkungan
penambangan timah, Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor, Laporan Akhir (unpublished).
Rice field cultivation on tin-mined land in Bangka Island, Indonesia E. Nurtjahya et al.
560 Mine Closure 2009, Perth, Australia
Rogan, N., Serafimovski, T., Dolonec, M., Tasev, G. and Dolonec, T. (2009) Heavy metals contamination of paddy
soils and rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Kočani Field (Macedonia), Environmetal Geochemistry and Health,
Vol. 31, pp. 439–451.
Sastrodihardjo, S. (1990) Pengaruh pemberian bahan organik dan polimer alam serta sintetik terhadap beberapa sifat
fisik dan kimia tanah tailing tambang 25 wilasi Pangkalpinang Unit Penambangan Timah Bangka (UPTB),
Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, B.Sc. thesis (unpublished).
Setiawan, I.E. (2003) Evaluasi tingkat keberhasilan revegetasi pada lahan bekas tambang timah PT Koba Tin, Koba,
Bangka Belitung, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, B.Sc. thesis (unpublished).
Setyorini, D., Adiningsih, J.S. and Rochayati, S. (2003) Uji Tanah Sebagai Dasar Penyusunan Rekomendasi
Pemupukan, Balai Penelitian Tanah, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor, 136 p.
Siagian, Y.T. and Harahap, R.M.S. (1981) Hasil pendahuluan percobaan pemilihan jenis-jenis pohon pada lahan kolong
pasir kuarsa di Dabo, Singkep, Balai Penelitian Hutan, Bogor, Laporan Balai Penelitian Hutan No. 384,
(unpublished).
Soerianegara, I. and Indrawan, A. (2002) Ekologi Hutan Indonesia, Laboratorium Ekologi Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan,
Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, 167 p.




© Copyright 2020, Australian Centre for Geomechanics (ACG), The University of Western Australia. All rights reserved.
Please direct any queries or error reports to repository-acg@uwa.edu.au